Yochanan Chapter 2:13-25

2:13 The moedim (Divinely appointed time) of Pesach (Passoever) was near, so Yeshua went up to Yerushalayim (Jerusalem).

(NOTE: Verse 13 is loaded!  Pesach/Passover is one of the three (3) moedim (Divinely appointed times) where every male Jew is commanded to be in Jerusalem for the celebration.  Obedient, Torah-Observant, Orthodox Jews were only required by the Rabbis to be in Jerusalem if they lived in or very near.  Otherwise making the pilgrimage was recurred only once in a lifetime for male Jews living at a distance.  Yeshua resided in the Galilee.  He would only be required to make the pilgrimage once in His lifetime.  But Yeshua, exactly as His parents did, observed the commandment to its very finest point and traveled to the Holy city every year for the appointed festivals. This would be seen, and in the written Gospel heard, that Yeshua was an Ultra-Orthodox, Torah-Observant Jew as were His parents. To make such a trip from the Galilee was very expensive and dangerous.)

2:14 In the Temple, He found those who were selling animals for the sacrifices along with the necessary money-changers seated at tables for business.

2:15 He made a whip-like thing from strings of rush cords and drove the whole bunch of them out of the Temple, with their animals. He scattered coins of the money changers and overturned their tables.

2:16 He told those who were selling doves, “Take these things away! Stop making my Father’s house an open market for business transactions.”

2:17 His talmidim remembered that it is written, “Zeal for Your house will consume me.” (Psalm 69:9)

2:18 Then some of the Judeans asked Him, “What sing will You show us proving Your authority for doing this?”

2:19 Yeshua answered, “Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”

2:20 The Judeans said, “It took 46 years to build this Temple. How would you raise it up in three days?”

2:21 He was speaking about the Temple of His body.

2:22 After he was raised from the dead, His talmidim remembered what He said.  They beleived the Scripture and the word of Yeshua that He had spoken.

2:23 He was in the Holy City during the celebration of Pesach. Seeing firsthand His miraculous signs which He was doing, many people believed in His name during the festival.

2:24 Yeshua, however, for His part, was not entrusting Himself to them, because he knew everyone’s true heart.

2:25 He did not need anyone to provide evidence for Him about human nature, because He Himself knew well what was in human nature. 

Chapter 2 of Yochanan 2:1-12

On the third day (a Resurrection alert!), there was a wedding in Kana (Cana) of the Galilee. The mother of Yeshua attended. Yeshua and His talmidim also were invited to the wedding. When the wine ran out, Yeshua’s mother told Him, “They have no wine.” Yeshua said to her, “Dear woman, what do you want me to do? My time to act has not yet arrived.”  His mother told the servants, “Whatever He asks of you to do, you must do it!” 

Now there were six stone water jars set there for the Jewish custom of purification, each containing a capacity of about twenty or thirty gallons.  Yeshua instructed the servants, “Fill up the water jars with water.”  At that, they filled them to the brim. Then He told them, “Now pour out a drink and take it to the master of the wedding feast.”  So they served him a drink from the water jars. When the master of the wedding feast tasted the water which had become wine, and did not know where it came from, even though the servants who had poured the water knew, the master of the feast called the bridegroom.  He said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and after the guests have drunk freely, only then is the poorer quality of wine served. You saved the best wine until now!”   Yeshua did this beginning His miraculous signs in Kana of the Galilee, and so displayed His glory. His talmidim believed in Him.

After this, He traveled down to Kefer Nachum (Capurnium), along with His mother, brothers, and His talmidim. They stayed there for a few days.

(NOTES: This passage begins with a Resurrection Reality Alert! It begins by saying, “On the third day.”  This tells us to “sit up in our chairs and pay close attention!”  This passage is so full of God that we might spend a lifetime being nourished by chewing upon it and rolling it over in our spirit.  Some things to consider in addition to the Resurrection Reality: (a) The stone purification jars will no longer be able to be used for the purification rite once they have been contaminated with the wine.  (b) There is no indication that the master of the wedding feast is praising the bridegroom.  In fact he might be scorning him for such a foolish waste of good wine.  It certainly is not a very “common sense” practice. (c) Did Yeshua’s Mother force His hand and make Him begin His ministry before His time?  (e) What is the Biblical meaning of “wine?”  Why was this an important act? (f) Isn’t it interesting that Yeshua does not take the credit for this miracle.  It is amazing how much good can be done in the world when we don’t care who gets the credit.

Study #8 Yochanan 1:43-51

The next day, Yeshua turns to go to the Galilee and He found Philip and said to him, “Follow Me.” Philip was also from the same town as Andrew and Kefa as was Natanel whom Philip found and said, “We have found Him of whom Moshe in the Torah and the Prophets wrote, Yeshua of Natzeret, the son of Yosef.”  Natanel said, “Can anything good come from Nazteret?” Philip told him, “Come and see.”

Yeshua saw them coming to him and He said of Natanel, “See here, a true Israeli, in whom there is no deceit!”  Natanel said to him, “How do you know me?” Yeshua told him that he saw him sitting under the fig tree even before Philip had found him. Natanel exclaimed, “Rabbi, You are the Son of God. Your are the King of Israel.”  Yeshua said to him, “Because I said to you that I saw you under the fig tree, is that why you believe? You will see much greater things than that!  Morever, in solemn truth, I tell you, all of you will see the heavens opened and the angels of God ascending and descending, attending to the Son of Man. (Genesis 28:12)



Study #7 Yochanan 1:35 – 42

Yochanan the Immerser testifies again that Yeshua is the “Lamb of God” and this time two of Yochanan’s Talmidins (Disciples) hear him and begin to follow Yeshua.

Yeshau notices them following Him and He asks them what they want and they reply with a question, “Rabbi, where are you staying?” Yeshau invites them to “come and see.”  And so they did and they stayed with Him since it was already 4 o’clock.

One of the two that followed Yeshua was Andrew, the brother of Shimon Kefa (Peter). Andrew went out right away and found his brother and said to him, “We have found the Mashiach (Messiah, Anointed One).” Andrew took Shimon to meet Yeshua.  Yeshua looked at Shimon and said, “You are Shimon, son of Yochanan. You shall be called Kefa (Rock).


Study #6 Yochanan 1:29-34

1:29 The next day Yochanan saw Yeshua walking toward him and he said, “Look and see, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the people of the world!

1:30 This is the One of whom I said, ‘After me, comes a Man who possesses a superior rank than I, for He existed as first, long before me.’

1:31 I myself did not recognize Him, but for this purpose, I came immersing people so that He might be shown openly to Yisrael.”

1:32 Yochanan testified, saying, “I have seen the Spirit descending like a dove out of heaven, and He remained upon Him.

1:33 I myself did not recognize Him, but the One who sent me to immerse in water told me, ‘The One upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the One who immerses with the Holy Spirit.’

1:34 I myself have seen, and have testified that this is the Son of God.”

Study #5 Yochanan/John 1:24-28

1:24 The men questioning Yochanan the immerser were sent from the religious leaders in Jerusalem.

1:25 They asked him, “If you are not the Anointed One, nor Eliyahu (Elijah), nor the Prophet like Moshe, why are you immersing people in water?

1:26 Yochanan gave them an answer saying, “I do immerse with water, but among you stands One, whom you yourselves do not know.

1:27 He is the One, and comes now, whose sandle I am not even worthy to untie.”

1:28 These events took place near Beit Aniyah (Bethany) beyond the Yarden (Jorden) where Yochanan was immersing the people in water.


Study #4 Yochanan 1:19-23

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1:19 Yochanan’s life and teaching also was a testimony concerning Yeshua. The people of Yehudah (Judah) from Yerushalayim (Jersualem) authorized some of their religious elite (Priests and Levites) to ask him directly, “Who are you?”

1:20 He answered their question plainly by saying, “I am not the Anointed One.”

1:21 With that they pressed him further, “What then? Are you Eliyahu? (Elijah)” Then he said, “I am not.” Are you the Prophet like Moshe?” He answered, “No.”

1:22 With that they pressed him still further, “Who are you? Give us an answer so we can tell those who sent us.  What do you claim for yourself?”

1:23 He said, “I am a voice of one calling out in the desert, ‘Make straight the way of YaWVaH (Isaiah 40:3) as Yishayahu (Isaiah) the prophet taught.”


Study #3 Yochanan 1:14 – 18

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1:14 The very will and intent of the Holy One became human and lived among us.  The majesty, glory and mystery was full of grace and glory and could not be of anything other than God.

1:15 Yochanan testified by fulfilling what the prophets foretold his words would be as he shouted, “This is the One of whom I said, ‘The One who comes after me ranks superior to me, because He has existed forever.”

1:16 He brings to us a fullness of unmerited favor fortified with grace upon grace.

1:17 Moshe (Moses) delivered to us the Torah and Yeshua the Anointed One brings it fully to life for us.

1:18 No human being has ever seen God.  Now with Yeshua we know God has revealed His very self to us in a fullness like none other has ever seen.


#2 Yochanan (John) 1:6-13

Guidelines that may be helpful:

First;  Read the passage slowly and with intention to hear it for the first time.

Second;  Notice and make note of what surprised you if anything did.  Make note of what you readily believe you understand.  Make note of what in the passage bothers you, is unsettling or just doesn’t seem to make fit.  What the passage does not say sometimes is as important as what it does say.  Are there conclusions you can draw?

Third; What do you believe the original hearers of this passage heard in their time and context?  Who is this passage directed to if you can tell?  Are there any “prescriptions” for us to follow or is this “description” of a situation that occurred “once in history?”  What don’t you like or what “pricks?”

Please respond to each of the questions for others to reflect upon and grow from.  Everyone’s spirit counts and your perspectives are appreciated.

Study #2 1:6-13

1:6 God sent Yochanan!

1:7 Yochanan’s purpose and sole destiny was to announce and introduce the light of God.

1:8 Yochanan was not the light.  He was sent to be a witness to the light.

1:9 The essential and source of all light was coming into the world in a new way.

1:10 The light came and was also already here as the world was created through it, but the world did not understand.

1:11 He who is the light came to that which He created and called His own, but not even they recognized Him.

1:12 All who did receive Him, to each He gave the anointing to become children of God. This He did for everyone who trusted Him completely.

1:13 Those who trusted did so because of the action of God.  They were re-created!  They were not a product of their own will or of any human effort or endeavor.  It was all God!


The Gospel According to Yochanan (John) Chapter 1 Verses 1-5

1:1 In the beginning Logos.*  The Logos of God.

1:2 From the beginning God’s Logos.

1:3 All that exists does so according to God’s Logos.

1:4 All life has life because of God alone.

1:5 Too life! Death will not win!


*The term “Logos” is typically translated into English as “Word.”  But in doing so we really loose the full meaning of the author’s intent and we go wildly astray with all sorts of nonsense that just is not there.  The term/word “Logos” has great significance in a lot of various philosophies and religions.  For the Gospel writer Yochanan the term was used in its originally meaning of “a prime action.”  That is a Logos is “a reason” or “a willed thought or act” it is “an intention” and “an expectation” it is “a reason” or “a principle.”  All of these words or terms point to the essential meaning.  The Logos is simply the “enacted will with intention.”  Where humans act both with intent that is sometimes well thought out and sometimes spontaneous and reactive, God’s actions (thoughts, words, deeds) are always “on purpose with intention and desire.”  So, Yochanan is telling us that what he is about to report is totally the will and action of God.  Nothing that is about to be heard comes from the realm of chance, mistake or coincidence.